Defence Studies Syllabus


FOR STATE PSC AND OTHER COMPETITIVE EXMS

DEFENCE STUDIES: PAPER-I

(Section-A)

Evolution of Strategic thoughts 


1. Concept and theories of Conflict
  • Origin, perceptions, processes, escalation, goal achievement, etc, of conflicts fn human social relation and its relevance to international conflict.
  • Conflict as War: State behavior, causes, correlates, domestic sources, global structural sources, commencement and termination, negotiation, an ecology of warfare etc.
  • Concepts of war and Its relation to politics: Classical thought and trends from Machiavelli to Nuclear Age.

(2)
  • Kautilya's philosophy of war and his strategic contribution.
  • Suntzu's thoughts on war.
  • Thoughts of Jomini and Clausewitz on Strategy, Tactics, Logistics, Principles of War and Nature of War 

3. War and industrial society with reference to the views of Marx Engles.

4. Concepts and Theories of Revolutionary War and Guerrilla Warfare with reference to the views of Lenin, Mao to tung, Che Guevara, Regis Debray and Giap.

5. Economic Bases of military power :
  • Economics of war.
  • Linkages between commercial, financial, industrial, economic and politic; military strengths and weaknesses of a nation-state.
  • Arms trace and theory of donor-recipient behavior.
  • Post-war economy and reconstruction.

6. Theories of Land, Sea and Air warfare :
  • Theories of land warfare with reference to mobile defence, use of tank and machine, warfare and propounded by Liddel Hast and J.F.C Fuller.
  • Views of A.T. Mahan on the elements of sea power and naval strategy.
  • Continental doctrine of sea power.
  • (d) Heartland theories of Halford Mackinder.
  • Heartland theories based on National Power.
  • Theories of Airpower as propounded by G. Douhet, Mitchell and Alexander de Seversky.
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SECTION-B

7. German Concept of total war with reference to the views of Ludendorff; 
    German strategy in the Machine Age.

8. The military strategy of Allied Powers during the World War II

9. Soviet military strategy with reference to the views of Lenin Trotsky, Stalin and V.Sokolovsky.


10. Concept and theories of deterrence:

  • Concepts and theories of conventional deterrence.
  • Concept and theories of nuclear deterrence with reference to the views of Liddell Hart, Andre Beaufre, Y.Harkavi and Henry Kissinger.

11. Concepts of Disarmament.

12. Concept and theories of Arms Control and Disarmament.

13. Concept and the theories of 'Peacekeeping' and Peacebuilding.

14. Theories of Conflict Resolution, Methods of Conflict Resolution, Gandhian techniques of Conflict Resolution.


PAPER-II (SECTION-A)


1. A conceptual framework of National Security in the contemporary strategic thinking.

2. Evolution of National Security thinking and problematics.

3. Theories of National Power.

  • A definitive framework of National Power.
  • The impression of Power as a concept.
  • Power profile of nation states.
  • Non-Power influence.
Elements of National Power
  1. Tangible elements: Geography, Population, Extent of Territory. Natural Resources, Industrial Capacity, Financial Capability, Scientific and Technological Capability, Military Capability.
  2. Intangible elements: Leadership. Bureaucratic and Organizational Efficiency. Type of Government, Social and Ethnic cohesiveness, National, Character and Reputation, National, Morale, Public Support.

4. Concept and models of International Security. 
  • A conceptual framework of International Security during the Cold War and Post Cold-War Periods. 
  • Balance of Power 
  • Collective Security 
  • Collective Defence 
  • Non- Alignment.
5.Concept and theories of conventional and nuclear deterrence. 


6. Arms proliferation as a constraint to National. Regional and International Security. 
    Prospects for Arms control.

7.International Terrorism: Concept and dimensions.

8. Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency: Concepts and dimensions.

9. Co-relation between Foreign, Defence and Domestic policies.

10.Historical Legacy, Geo-political and Geo Strategical consideration of India's Security.

  
SECTION-B

11. NATIONAL SECURITY PROBLEMATICS AND INDIA QUEST FOR SECURITY :


  • India is the world strategic arena; Contemporary trends.
  • India's quest for security Vis-a-vis Pakistan (till-date); Pakistan's conventional nuclear and missile programmes and their impact on India defence, India's options.
  • India- China boundary dispute; Positions and Polemics: efforts for the settlement of boundary dispute; a framework of Cooperative Security between India and China.
  • India'smutuality of strategic and other interests with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Srilanka, Maldives, and Afganistan.
  • Role of extra-regional power in the Post-Cold War South Asian strategic milieu and
  • India's security considerations.
  • A need for Confidence and Security building measures' for India and its South Asia neighbors.

12. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INDIA'S SECURITY :

  • India's scientific and technological base for National Defence.
  • Need for India's integrated science policy.
  • India's defence industrialization and achievements. 
  • Indian's Research and Development (R&D)

13. INDIA'S NUCLEAR POLICY AND OPTIONS :

  • India's need for Nuclear power.
  • India's Nuclear breakthroughs.
  • India's nuclear options in a nuclearized world.

(14) INDIAN OCEAN AND INDIA'S SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS :


  • Strategic in and around the Indian Ocean region
  • India's security problems in relation to the IndianOcean region 
  • Indian maritime security and its needs for naval power projections;

15. India's over-all security perspectives and defence preparedness.

16. INTERNATIONAL SECURITY OF INDIA :

  • Harmful internal; threats and challenges diminution of social and ethnic cohesiveness. Communalism, linguistic differences; regionalism: a rise of ethnonationalism. poor governability and political instability, corruption in the Various walks of National life overpopulations and ethnic migration across the borders rising but frustrated expectations of people at the root of insecurity; ecological imbalances and Economic Problems.
  • Low-Intensity Conflicts (LIC) in India with special reference to Jammu & Kashmir and North-East region.
  • Identification of the problems of Internal Security and conditions for the use of military; pros and cons. 
  • Imperatives of comprehensive National Security-Strategy.